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Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Persian cat

Persian cat


The Persian is a breed of a long-haired cat. This medium and large cat is distinguished by its long and abundant layer, round shape and very short face. The breed was recognized since the beginning of the nineteenth century, and the breed was first modified by the English language, then mainly by the United States after World War II.

Persian cat
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The educator-led choice allowed the development of a wide range of dresses, but also the controversial and broken face shape. Many breeds also came from Persian or improved, especially exotic short poetry. Persian cat breeding is characterized by the regular maintenance of fur, eyes, and ears. Persian can also be affected by a genetic disease, the dominant polycystic kidney type (PKD).

The quiet, homely Persian character gives him the tendency to live in an apartment. Very popular, this breed is found in all cat shows. It's also the world's best-selling purebred cat. Persian appears in many books and cinema.

The name of the breed refers to one of the ancestors of the Persian, it is the Turkish angora. This breed, which would come from the borders of Turkey and Iran, namely Persia, gave to Persian the gene responsible for its long-haired coat. This is why the word "Persian" was chosen to name the race1.

Another presumed ancestor would be a breed of cat found in Khorassan which had long gray hairs2. Buffon describes the Khorasan cats as cats which "resemble in color those we call Carthusian cats, and apart from the color, they perfectly resemble those which we call Angora cats" 3. Indeed the Persian corresponded at the time to the blue variety of the angora, which was white4.

Pietro Della Valle is said to have brought long-haired cats that did not exist in Europe back to Italy from his travels in Persia during the sixteenth century. These cats would have first reproduced in Italy, then introduced in France where they were appreciated by the women of the bourgeoisie5. The initiator of the fashion for long-haired cats in Europe was Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc (1580-1637), adviser to the Parliament of Aix-en-Provence6, who introduced a couple to France2. He had brought cats from Damascus as curiosities7.

Persian cat
Persian cat

Physical characteristics of the Persian cat

The Persian is the result of a rigorous selection aimed at obtaining a hairiest and most massive cat possible. Thus, it is about a cat all roundness, having a stocky body, a strong framework, and short robust legs.
Massive, the Persian must be muscular and without obesity. The very short neck has a round head with a broad forehead. The crushed face and the upturned nose of the Persian are typical of the breed. The eyes are round, wide apart and bright.

The ears are small, rounded and well-spaced on the skull. The tail is rather short, well supplied and carried low. The Persian cat's coat is very long and supple, with a fine and silky texture. It has an abundant undercoat, which gives volume to its fur.

The hair color of the Persian cat

Persian cats have a wide range of colors and patterns. Over 150 varieties of Persians are recognized, but there are over 300!
All colors are accepted: black, blue, red, chocolate, cream, white, cream blue, cinnamon, silver (silver), golden (golden), cameo (shades of red). These colors can be presented in one of the following types of dress: solid (solid), two-tone, harlequin, van, tortoiseshell, mottled tabby, tabby, speckled tabby, ticked tabby, or smoke (discolored hair at the base ).

Each combination of color and type of dress constitutes a variety. We also find Persians chinchillas (dark color at the end of each hair), which are available in two varieties: silver shaded and golden shaded.

Persian cat
Persian cat

Persian cat grooming

Grooming the Persian cat is important. You must brush and comb your coat every day to keep it smooth and knot-free. Besides, since the Persian tends to water his eyes, his flat face must be cleaned regularly.

Behavior and character traits of the Persian cat

The Persian is a cat with a gentle and placid temperament. He likes spending his days dozing peacefully, without being distracted by anything or anyone.
Although very calm, it can sometimes reveal a strong and aristocratic character. If he is disturbed during his precious nap, he will let you know his dissatisfaction.

Even though he may seem distant, he enjoys receiving affection. Indeed, aware of his great beauty, he likes to be admired and complimented. The Persian likes to lie down next to his master, sleep in his bed and even sit on his knees when the heart tells him to. Very attached to its master, this breed tends to be wary of strangers. He is shy towards them and can hide in a corner for a long time.

If he is lazy most of the time, the Persian cat can sometimes show great energy. Wanting to work out from time to time, we can surprise him jumping everywhere and playing like a kitten. Since it has been greatly refined and transformed, the Persian breed no longer has the wild instincts typical of felines. Thus, this cat does not know what it means to hunt.

Sociability level, the Persian cat accepts very well to live with other cats and dogs. That said, it also supports loneliness.

Persian cat
Persian cat


Health Problems in the Persian Cat

The health of the Persian cat is fragile. The most common health problems in the Persian are:

  1. Corneal sequestration;
  2. Fibroadenomas and adenomas;
  3. Bilateral chryptorchidism;
  4. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy;
  5. Chediak-Higashi syndrome;
  6. Fleas, ringworm;
  7. Polycystic kidney dominant type (PKD).



Source:  canalvie.com & Wikipedia

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